There are multiple parts to the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. The two major locations are Chickamauga Battlefield in Georgia and Lookout Mountain Battlefield in Tennessee. Each played an important role in the history of the Civil War.
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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Our family makes it a point to mix history and culture into our itinerary whenever we can (Vermont, South Dakota).  As you can imagine, Georgia and Tennessee are rich with United States history. A visit to the Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park gave a fuller understanding of the Civil War and the struggle of the Union forces to gain control of the strategically important city of Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Monument at Chickamauga Battlefield National Military Park, Georgia

If you are blessed with a day of near perfect weather, you could easily be distracted from the hallowed grounds that you are about to explore. The Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park battlefield in Georgia is the site of one of the hardest fought and bloodiest battles of the Civil War. The Battle of Chickamauga was fought on September 18 –20, 1863, between Union and Confederate forces in the American Civil War. Union and Confederate losses over the course of the 3-day battle amounted to nearly 35,000 men – hallowed ground indeed.

What You Need to Know About Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Chickamauga Battlefield

  • Admission: Free
  • Address: 3370 Lafayette Road, Ft. Oglethorpe, GA
  • Military Park Hours: sunrise to sunset
  • Visitor Center Hours: 8:30am - 5pm daily; closed Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
  • Time Needed to Visit: 2-4 hours
  • Parking: Free
  • Prohibit: No drones and possession of a metal detector within park boundaries is a federal crime.
  • Courtesy:  Please respect the battlefield and those that suffered and died on it. Only use designated areas for picnicking or other recreational activities. No climbing on monuments or cannons.

Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center

Three girls near cannons outside the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia Visitor Center, Georgia

Our first stop was at the Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center to watch the informative film "The Campaign for Chattanooga: Death Knell of the Confederacy. " It gave an excellent overview of the battle before our tour of the military park. The movie followed Union and Confederate soldiers through the use of historical records and letters with the actual filming taking place on authentic battlefields.

  • Film: 26 minutes long; shown on the half-hour from 9am and ending at 4pm.
  • Caution:  Intense movie battle scenes - Battle of Chickamauga was the second bloodiest battle of the Civil War

Auto Touring Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

We picked up the battlefield driving map and then used the cell phone for the seven-mile auto tour to follow eight key points of interest. Minimum time needed: 1.5 hours, but longer if hiking areas at the stops.

Stop #2: The Battle Line

Acorn monument of Ohio Infantry Monument at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia

Monuments mark Union positions along Battleline Road. The acorn symbolizes the 14th Army Corps firm stand, “like an oak tree,” during the battle on Snodgrass Hill.

Stop #4: Confederate Breakthrough at Brotherton Cabin

Living history program outside the Brotherton Cabin at Monument at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia

Through a confusion in communication, Union General Rosecrans sent troops to unknowingly fill a nonexistent gap, which, ironically, created a real gap in the Union line. Confederate troops then broke through and split the Union Army. The topographic intelligence gained from Tom Brotherton, the long-time owner of the cabin, gave the Confederate troops a distinct advantage.

Stop #6: Lightning Strikes

Union Colonel John Wilder's "Lightning Brigade," armed with the superior Spencer repeating rifles, successfully halted a portion of the Confederate troops on the southern battlefield.

If you get a chance, climb the 85-foot towering Wilder Brigade Monument for a bird's eye view of the surrounding area.

Wilder Brigade Monument Monument at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia
Wilder Brigade Monument
view from the top of the Wilder Brigade Monument Monument at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia
The view from the top of Wilder Brigade Monument

Stop #8: Horseshoe Ridge and Snodgrass Hill

At the last stop on this tour, the Union troops under General Thomas, aka "The Rock of Chickamauga," made a heroic stand against repeated Confederate assaults until ordered to retreat under the cover of the night to Chattanooga.

Wooden cabin on Snod Hill Monument atChickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia

Chickamauga Battlefield Ranger Guided Tours & Programs

Check at the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Visitor Center for the schedule of ranger-guided tours and programs offered during the summer months. We took part in a Living History Program held at the Brotherton Cabin. Guides in period costumes taught about the life and times of the people who lived during the Civil War.

Making a cornhusk doll as part of the living history program Monument atChickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia
  • Car Caravan Tours: daily 10am & 2pm; starts at visitor center; minimal walking required.
  • Living History Programs: Fri-Sun 10:30am, 11:30am, 1:30pm, 2:30pm, 3:30pm
  • Junior Ranger program: Need to visit both parks to complete booklet.
Living History Program cabin at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia
Historic cabin at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia

Lookout Mountain Battlefield 

After the victory at Chickamauga, the Confederate Army pursued the Union Army to Chattanooga, encircled the city from an elevated position, and laid siege hoping to starve the Union forces into surrender. However, within a few months, Union reinforcements had opened a reliable supply line, gained a foothold in the valley, and ultimately defeated the Confederates. With the Chattanooga victory, the Union now commanded the railroads and cut off  supply lines to the South thus crippling the Confederacy.

Three girls on Lookout Mountain Overlook at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Tennessee

What You Need to Know About Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Lookout Mountain Battlefield Visitor Center

About thirty minutes driving distance from the Chickamauga Battlefield, we visited the Lookout Mountain Battlefield Visitor Center outside the Point Park Gate. My daughter finished her Junior Ranger booklet and happily received her hard-earned badge. We then viewed the Civil War exhibits on the Campaign for Chattanooga.

  • Admission (Visitor Center): Free
  • Address:  110 Point Park Road, Lookout Mountain, TN Hours
  • Visitor Center Hours: 8:30am - 5pm daily; closed Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
  • Parking: Pay at kiosk near Point Park Gate- need your license plate number (we paid $4 for 2 hours)

Walker's Campaign for Chattanooga painting at the Lookout Mountain Battlefield Visitor Center, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Tennessee

View the impressive large scale mural (13 feet by 30 feet), The Battle of Lookout Mountain, by James Walker. Union General Joseph Hooker (seen on the white horse) commissioned it for $20,000 to commemorate his victory in The Battle Above the Clouds.

Point Park (Lookout Mountain Battlefield)

  • Admission: $7/adult (16 & up) at Point Park Gate; free with America the Beautiful or Annual 4th Grade pass
  • Hours: 8:30am - sunset
  • Time Needed to Visit both Visitor Center and Point Park: 1-2 hours
  • Rules: No climbing monuments or cannons. No using metal detectors or collecting of artifacts.

Point Park Entrance Gate

Turreted castle gates of Point Park Gate, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Tennessee

In 1904 the Army Corps of Engineers built the turreted castle gates of Point Park which also happened to be a replica of their insignia. Using our 4th Grade National Park Pass, we entered free of charge to explore the 10-acre memorial park.

New York Peace Monument

New York Peace Monument at the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Tennessee

Donated by the state of New York, the 85-ft New York Peace Monument is the largest memorial on the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park grounds and can be seen for miles. This monument symbolizes the reconciliation between the North and South right down to the combination of Massachusetts pink granite and Tennessee marble. It is topped with a bronze statue of a Confederate and Union soldier clasping hands and standing next to the American Flag.

Moccasin Bend

Stone overlook of Moccasin Bend in Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Tennessee

Head to the north end of the park for unobstructed views of Moccasin Bend and the fine city of Chattanooga. While there, stop at the Ochs Memorial Observatory, a small museum featuring exhibits on Civil War history and local history of Moccasin Bend.

Interested in nearby camping, hiking, and attractions? Be sure to read about them here: 

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Posted 
Nov 15, 2019
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